Remember...

Ancestral energy lives in the stars above us, the stones beneath us. Their memory gathers in oceans, rivers and seas. It hums its silent wisdom within the body of every tree.

Wednesday, September 10, 2014

What Cousin, How Many Times Removed?

No matter how many times someone explained to me how to figure out the relationship with distant cousins, I never understood how to figure it out. I’ve met quite a few people through my blog who share ancestors with me and I wanted to learn how we are connected. I’m going to break it down as simply as I can.

Cousins
In order to determine what cousin you are to another descendant, you have to find your common ancestor. If it is your 3x great-grandparent, and a fellow descendants 3x great-grandfather, then you are fourth cousins. This is the easy part.
  • Same parents? Siblings
  • Same grandparents? First cousins.
  • Same 1x great-grandparents? Second cousins.
  • Same 2x great-grandparents? Third cousins.
  • Same 3x great-grandparents? Fourth cousins.
  • Same 4x great-grandparents? Fifth cousins.
  • Same 5x great-grandparents? Sixth cousins.
  • Same 6x great-grandparents? Seventh cousins.
  • Same 7x great-grandparents? Eighth cousins.
I will also note here, that if you only have one grandparent in common, due to second or third marriages, the genealogical world considers that you are half-blood cousins.

Removed
If your number doesn’t come out the same, you need to find out how many generations it takes to connect differing generations to the same ancestor. This is much easier than it sounds! To decide on what cousin you are to each other, you go with the lower number.
If they are your 4x great-grandparents and the other person’s 6x great-grandparents, then you are fifth cousins. How many times removed? All you have to do is subtract the lower number from the higher number. So, fifth cousins twice removed.
I recently connected with a woman who shares ancestors with me. My 3x great-grandparents Bailey Harrison Whitcher and Ordelia Lozier are her 4x great-grandparents. Which makes us fourth cousins, once removed.

If you are someone who needs a visual, this graph should help:

Your à
vs.
Their:
Grand
1x Great
2x Great
3x Great
4x Great
5x Great
6x Great
7x Great
Grand
First Cousin
First Cousin Once Removed
First Cousin Twice Removed
First Cousin 3x Removed
First Cousin 4x Removed
First Cousin 5x Removed
First Cousin 6x Removed
First Cousin 7x Removed
1x Great
First Cousin Once Removed
Second Cousin
Second Cousin Once Removed
Second Cousin Twice Removed
Second Cousin 3x Removed
Second Cousin 4x Removed
Second Cousin 5x Removed
Second Cousin 6x Removed
2x Great
First Cousin Twice Removed
Second Cousin Once Removed
Third Cousin
Third Cousin Once Removed
Third Cousin Twice Removed
Third Cousin 3x Removed
Third Cousin 4x Removed
Second Cousin 5x Removed
3x Great
First Cousin 3x Removed
Second Cousin Twice Removed
Third Cousin Once Removed
Fourth Cousin
Fourth Cousin Once Removed
Fourth Cousin Twice Removed
Fourth Cousin 3x Removed
Fourth Cousin 4x Removed
4x Great
First Cousin 4x Removed
Second Cousin 3x Removed
Third Cousin Twice Removed
Fourth Cousin Once Removed
Fifth Cousin
Fifth Cousin Once Removed
Fifth Cousin Twice Removed
Fifth Cousin 3x Removed
5x Great
First Cousin 5x Removed
Second Cousin 4x Removed
Third Cousin 3x Removed
Fourth Cousin Twice Removed
Fifth Cousin Once Removed
Sixth Cousin
Sixth Cousin Once Removed
Sixth Cousin Twice Removed
6x Great
First Cousin 6x Removed
Second Cousin 5x Removed
Third Cousin 4x Removed
Fourth Cousin 3x Removed
Fifth Cousin Twice Removed
Sixth Cousin Once Removed
Seventh Cousin
Seventh Cousin Once Removed
7x Great
First Cousin 7x Removed
Second Cousin 6x Removed
Third Cousin 5x Removed
Fourth Cousin 4x Removed
Fifth Cousin 3x Removed
Sixth Cousin Twice Removed
Seventh Cousin Once Removed
Eighth Cousin


Somewhere we are all related. I have met fourth cousins and twenty-third cousins twice removed. I meet everyone with that thought in my heart. No matter our differences, somewhere we are cousins.

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